Fixed rate mortgages are mortgages where the interest rate stays the same for the entire term of the loan. The advantage to a fixed rate mortgage is that if you lock a relatively low rate, your payment won’t go up when rates do.
With an adjustable rate mortgage, the rate of the loan can change throughout the term of the loan. The rate of the loan is based on adding points to a fixed base.
A hybrid loan combines a fixed period along with an adjustable component. Usually these loans are fixed for a period of time and then the loan becomes adjustable where it is dependent on current rates.
An FHA loan is a loan in the United States that is insured by the Federal Housing Administration.
A VA loan is a loan in the United States guaranteed by the Veterans Administration. The loan may be issued by qualified lenders. The VA was designed to offer long-term financing to American Veterans or to their surviving spouses.